The spring restored the Nature to life. At that time, the Nature says good-bye to winter. The snow melts away. The water and the Sun cover the Earth with love and seeds sprout.
Armenians celebrate many National Holidays in the spring and they extol creator’s own agricultural works. Especially we can note the birth of Vahagn.
A long time ago, it was New Year. In the spring, Armenians celebrate Motherhood Holiday in honor of Anahit and Easter.
Aregh is an 8th month of chronology. Aregh lasted from ninth of March until seventh of April. According to Ananiah Shirakatsy, Hovhannes Imastasery and Grigor Tatevatsy. Aregh is the daughter of Hayk Nahapet.
According to Gevorg Alishan, Hrachya Acharyan Aregh comes from the word “the Sun”, because the Nature awakens owing to the Sun Power in the spring.
Aregh is called every first day of month. It may be presumed, that the New Year begins from 21th of March. In ancient Armenia held the Areg.
When pagans pried to Cod of the Sun, they looked at the Sun and held their hands towards poplar knot.
Ancient Armenians were building sculptures in honor of Aregh.
According to legend, Aregh lives in the Temple Garni.
March was the first month in Roman chronology. The name March was given in honor of the God of War.
Vahagn consists of two words Vah-“The god”, agn-“a fire”, and means the God of fires. Ahagn is the God of Power, War and Victory. He is the son of the God Aramasd. The chief temple of Vahagn is on the Kharke Mountain near the temples of Golden Mother Anahit and the God Beauty-Astghik.
In Vahagn’s temples officiated priest who came old Vagunik Stok.
According to Armenian chronology the 27th day of every month is named-Day of Vahagn.
The old historian-Khorenatsy kept to us the poem about birth of Vahagn.
Every year in 21th of March we celebrate Vahagn‘s birthday.
2006 corresponds to 9890 of Vahagn birthday.
NEW YEAR OF ANCIENT ARMENIA
Ancient Armenians celebrated New Year in 21th of March. It is no mere chance that Armenian priests were noted that the nature was regenerated at the beginning of spring.
Armenians celebrated this day as a New Year, extolled the nature, the spring, the agricultural workers so that the year was fruit bearing.
NAMES OF TIME IN ANCIENT ARMENIA
The nights and days were divided into 24 parts. Days Nights
Ahekan is a 9th month of chronology.
Ahekan lasted from 8th of April till 7th of May. According to Grigor Tatevatsy, Ahekan is a daughter of Hayk Nahapet.
According to Ananian Shirakatsy-Ahekan comes from ancient times and in touch with the spring works. According to Levon Alishan it means-“to mow grass”.
In other opinion, Ahekan means “a fire”.
On the one hand, April means, “to open”, on the other hand April restores the Nature. According to Greek chronology-Ahekan has the name of the God Apollo.
Mareri is a 10th month of chronology.
Mareri lasted from 8th of May till 7th of June. According to Ananian Shirakatsy and Grigor Tatevatsy, Mareri is a daughter of Hayk Nahapet. According to the Priest the name, Mareri springs up from name of cedar tree, which turns green in spring. Mareri (May) means “ancestors”. In other opinion, Mareri means “Old age”. That’s why in ancient Rome, people is not celebrated a wedding.
Anahit is god of Motherhood and Fertility.
Armenians like Anahit very much.
Anahit has many names, for example: Gold Mother, Great Lady, and Gold Finger. The chief temple of Anahit was in Eriza settlement. Many other temples were in Artashat, Armavir, Kadjaran, Anagnadzor, Ashtishat, Vaspurakan and Siunik. In these temples were golden statues. The Bronze sculpture statue was found in 19-th centuary. The sculpture is in London now. From 1968, the copy of this statue is in Armenian Historical Museum.
The national Holiday of Anahit is celebrated on 6th of April as Motherhood Holiday and on 15th of August as a Sanctify day of Grapes.
Zatik means “to divide” or “to separate”.
Zatik is celebrated in honor of the spring, when spring is separated from winter.
Zatik is celebrated in 21th of March.
According to Armenian tradition, at this day bold Armenians won the battle thereby saved bird’s live which built a nest on mountain Ararat and laid particoloured eggs.
As a rule, bold Armenians began sowing but children played with particoloured eggs, sang songs and danced.
Amar is a summer. Pagan Armenians like summers. Summer was equal a year. For example: They called 40 years old man as 40 summer man. The word “amar” results from the word “hamekh” delicious. Summer filled men with enthusiasm.
Margats is an 11th month of Armenian chronology.
Margats lasted from 7th of June till 6th of July. According to legend, ancient people did not know what was the time. Once a year a monster went down on the Earth and ate a green grass. Animals died of starvation. But gallant Margats killed the monster. Thus in honour of knight Margats, month was called Margats.
Vardavar is national Holiday, which is connected with God of love and beauty-Astkhik.
Vardavar is celebrated every 98 days after Zatik. Vardavar consists of two words, vard-“water”, and var- “to sanctify”. According to legend, Subterranean God stole Astkhik from her family. As a result, Bold Armenian has lost their love and beauty. They became terrible and cruel. However, Vahagn saved Astkhik‘s life and sanctified Bold Armenians with water. Thus, Bold Armenians became emotional and kindly souls. Armenian people like Vardavar very much.
They splash each other with water, sing and song beautiful songs and extol Astkhik.
Astkhik is the God of love and beauty. Vahagn fell in love with Astkhik. The chif temple Astkhik was on province Taron. The Marble sculpture /B.C. second century/ was found in Artashat.
Astkhik was born from waves of the Sea. She strewed girls with leafs of rose and did them very beautiful.
Hrotits is 12th month of Armenian chronology.
Hrotits lasted from 7th of July till 5th of August. According to Ananian Shirakatsy is Mareri is a son of Hayk Nahapet. Anania Shirakatsy wrote: “Armenians were called “Haye” in a honour of Hayk nahapet”.
The name Hrotits is resulted from the word “fire” because in July the weather is very hot.
Navasard is a first month of Armenian chronology.
Navasard lasted from 11th of August until 9th of September. According to Ananian Shirakatsy and Hovhannes imastasery Navasard is a daughter of Hayk Nahapet.
Nahapet called Navasard as a first month of New Year.<br
/>The word Navasard consists of two words nava-“new” and sard-“year”.
Ancient Armenians celebrated this Holiday in honour of Hayk Nahapet, who won Bell.
Armenians land was called “Hayk” and peoples were called “Hayer”.
Armenians calendar was compiled at 2492 years ago, after the battle between Hayk and Bell. During the battle Hayk killed the tyrant /despot/ and founded Armenian state.
Ancient Armenian calendar was movable.
Once in 4 year, the New Year moved ahead. Thus 365*4=1460. During 1460 years the Earth does 1 turn, which is called Hayk‘s turn. A moveless calendar is made by Hovhannes Imastaser.
The calendar, which is used now, was made in ancient Egypt. This calendar was improved in Rome and was known as Y.Tsezar calendar. In 1582, this calendar was called “Grigorian calendar” in honour of Pope.
ITLES OF MONTH IN ANCIENT ARMENIA
There were 12 months in ancient Armenia. Every month had 30 days and addition 1 month, which had 5 days. They are Navasard, Hory, Sahmy, Tre, Khahots, Arats, Mehekan, Areg, Ahekan, Mareri, Margats, Hrotits, Aveliats.
Armenian months have mythological origin.
TITLES OF DAYS IN ANCIENT ARMENIA
These days reflect significant names of Armenian plateau.
1.Areg 11.Ereskan 21.Grgur Additional days
2.Hrand 12.Ani 22.Korduik
3.Aram 13.Parkhar 23.Tsemak 1.Pailatsu
4.Margar 14.Vanatur 24.Lusnak 2.Arusiak
5.Ahrank 15.Aramazd 25.Tsron 3.Hrant
6.Mazdegh 16.Mani 26.Npat 4.Lusntag
7.Astkhik 17.Asak 27.Vahagn 5.Erevak
8.Mihr 18.Masis 28.Sim
9.Zopaber 19.Anahit 29.Varag
10.Murts 20.Aragats 30.Gisheravor
It is known that apricots in Armenia are ready in summer. Other fruits are ready in a late Autumn. During a thousand years the word “Ashun” that means “ripe” become “Ashun”, that means “autumn”.a
Hory is a second month of Armenian chronology.
Hory lasted from 10th of September till 9th of October. The word hory means “to spot something”. In this month people get in the harvest and keep it in repository.
Hory is called “ury”. Ury means willow. In other opinion “ury” was a beautiful daughter of Hayk Nahapet. Thus the name of Rome God-Gera and Persian god Khoer- spring from the name Hory.
Tir is god of Literature, Science and Art. Tir was a messenger of Aramazd. He was a fortune-teller and a guide of dead persons soul.
In 21 of September is celebrated a Holiday in honor of Tir. The first day was dedicated in memory of ancestors.
In this day people were glorifying ancestors. In other day people were show theatre, told about their voyages over the world. Tar’s holiday is celebrated at the beginning of September as a day of knowledge.
Sahmy is a third month of Armenian chronology.
Sahmy lasted from 10th of October till 8th of November. According to Anania Shirakatsy and Grigor tatevatsy, Sahmy is a daughter of Hayk Nahapet.
According to priest, Sahmy means “a border”. According to st. Malkhasiants, Sahmy means “seed”. According to H. Acharian and E. Agaian Sahmy means “to fear” which is connected with changes of the weather.
October means the eighth month. But now, it is the tenth month in calendar.
Tre is a fourth month of Armenian chronology.
Tre lasted from 9th of November till 8th of December. According to Anania Shirakatsy and Hovhannes Imastasery, Tre is son of Hayk Nahapet.
According to Agatangegcos and Khorenatsy, Tre is a son of Aramazd, and God of Science, Literature and Art.
November means the ninth month. But now, it is the eleventh month in calendar.
The greater part of Armenian mountain chain is called Mets Hayk. Mets Hayk is divided on 15 provinces.
1. Bartsr Hayk- 28.860 sq.km., Ani
2. Tsork- 18.890 sq.km., Arshamashat
3. Akhtsarik- 17.532 sq.km., Tigranakert
4. Turuberan- 25.008 sq.km., Haykashen
5. Monk- 2.962 sq.km., Mahkert
6. Kortchayk- 14.707 sq.km., Aparank
7. Parskahayk- 11.010 sq.km., Salmast
8. Vaspurakan- 40.870 sq.km., Van
9. Siunick- 15.237 sq.km., Bagaberd
10. Artsakh- 11.528 sq.km., Shushi
11. Paytakaran- 21.000 sq.km., Bakurakart
12. Utick- 11.315 sq.km., Parnes
13. Gugark- 16.765 sq.km., Artahan
14. Taik- 10.179 sq.km., Bogberd
15. Ayrarak- 40.105 sq.km., Armavir
Pokr Hayk had 4 provinces.
The First Hayk- sq.km., Marash
The Second Hayk- sq.km., Komana
The Third Hayk- sq.km., Amasia
The Fourth Hayk sq.km., Kesaria
REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
Republic of Armenia has 10 provinces now.
Aragatsotn sq.km., Ashtararak
Ararat sq.km., Artashat
Armavir sq.km., Armavir
Gegarkunik sq.km., Gavar
Lori sq.km., Vanadzor
Kotayk sq.km., Giumry
Siunik sq.km., Kapan
Vaiots Dzor sq.km., Egegnadzor
Tavush sq.km., Idgevan
REPUBLIC OF LERNAYIN KHARABAKH
The territory of Lernayin Kharabakh is approximately 5 000 sq. km.. The population is approximately 150 000. The capital is Stepanakert.
Lernayin Kharabakh is divided on 7 regions:
Askeran 5. Shushi
Hadrut 6. Shahumian
Mardakert 7. Kashatak
KINGDOMS OF ARMENIA
Haykazunner 2492-330 B.C.
Araratyan 9-6 B.C.
Askanazianner 630-570 B.C.
Ervanduniner 570-2 centuary B.C.
Artashesjanner 189-1 sentuary B.C.
The winter is compared with death. According to Grigor Tatevatsy in winter the plants get dry and the water is covered with ice. According to H. Acharyan the words “Dzemer” and “Dziun” have the same roots. “Zima” in Russian consists of the Armenian word “Dzemer”.
Cakhots is the fifth month of Armenian chronology. Cakhots lasted from the 9-th of December till the 7-th of January. According to Anania Shirakatsy and Hovhannes Imastasery, Cakhots is a son of Hayk Nahapet. According to H. Acharyan, Cakhots springs from the word “(he) goat”. Armenians made a good choice, because in 22-nd of December the day is equal the night. Beginning from 22-nd of December, the days lengthened. Armenians could estimate the Sun calendar according to circuit of the Earth all other the Sun.
Different nations have different days of New Year. For example:
a 7205 since the world began,
a 2759 in Ancient Rome,
a 1426 for Moslem.
According to Armenian smal
l year, now is a 922, which is called “Hayk’s chronology”.
Beginning from 11 of August, now is a 4499. Till XVIII century Armenians did not use Christian chronology.
Armenian chronology was estimated from birth of God Vahagn that is to say from 21 of March 2006. Now is a 9590.
Mihr God of Light, Harmony and Advice. The Stone Statue (B.C. I century) is now in the West Armenia, near Mountain Nemroot. The Birth of Mihr is celebrated on 22 of December in Temple Garni.
Armenians celebrate this day on 22 December, when the days lengthened. Mihr means “The Sun”.
According to Armenian chronology the 6-th month is named – Arats. Arats lasted from 8 of January till 6 of February. According to Grigor Tatevatsy, Arats springs from the word “men”. It means that in winter Mountain chain can overcome only the “men”. According to Agaian (Ar) means (men) and the month means “men’s month”. In other opinion Arats springs from the word “the Sun”. January is called “the day of light”. In Rome Empire the first day of New Year was the first of January, which begins to be estimated by U. Tsezar in 46 B.C. January springs from the name of God Janus. In Latin January means “the door” or means “heavens”. In Armenia it was called “the door of Mger”.
Armenian all-Powerful God, the Father of all Creators.
Armenian stone statue (B.C. I century) is now in the West-Armenia, near mountain Nemroot. The chief temple of Aramazd was in town Ani. Another one was in Vaspurakan on the mountain Pakhat and was named “Home of Aramazd and Astkhik”. Armenians like Aramazd very much. The holiday is celebrated as the “Navasardian games”. People compete with each other, sing songs and dance.
Armenians attached great importance to the cross. Cross in Armenia was long before the adoption of Christianity. In Bronze century the cross had another appearance. There were 4 sections, which twisted at right angles to each section of cross. During the excavations archaeologists very often find such drawings. Such crosses depict the Sun or Fire. In 1933 fascist Germany used such cross but unfortunately brought discredit its meaning. This cross became as a symbol of war and disruption.
Mehekan is the 7-th month of Armenian chronology. Mehekan lasted from 7 of February till 8 of March. According to the priest, Mehekan means “death” because in this month the Nature has a rest. According to Anania Shirakatsy and Grigor Tatevatsy, Mehekan is the son of Hayk Nahapet. According to G. Alishan, Mehekan springs from the word “New Moon”. According to G. Khapantsian and E. Agaian Mehekan springs from the name of God Mihr.
Trndez is a national Holiday, which is connected with Fure and is celebrated in 13 of February. Trndez springs from the world “art”- fire”. Trndez means “Fire”. Armenians jumped across the fire thereby refresh their life to better.
Fire present itself life, birth, meal etc. According to M. Orhmanian the word Trndez, springs from the name of God Tir. At this day people begins to speculate about the future.