There is a tree in the Indian city,
The branches of which are creeping from city to city,
Forty lamps are on each branch,
A peacock only on one branch.
What does this old enigmatic quartet prompt us? What connected our forbear with the “Indian city”? What the peacock and the number “40” mean?
Had in Armenia been an Indian city…?
In our article we are trying to give the answers of these very questions, which came from ancient times.
Striving to find any historical hint connected with the name and the monument of Zorats Karer, all our surprise, during the researches we found out, that in the list of Armenians villages of Eruandhuni, there was a village named India.
In the explanatory dictionary of modern Armenian, after the explanation of the word “Indian”, there is the following quotation: “The negotiations between the Armenians and the Russian government over that issue were made with the help of Indian Israel Ori” and that was the next surprise for all of us.
Why we underlined the word “Indian” in the quotation above this? Our task is to grub and find out which place the name Hindustan “India” is being associated with.
Information from “The names dictionary of Armenia and the neighboring regions” “In the conclave invited by Melik Safrazi in Angeghakot, Israel Ori whom they consider to be from Angeghakot and who was a prominent figure of the Armenian Liberation Movement also attended”.
In the Armenian Soviet Dictionary (ASD, 4), the birthplace of Israel Ori (1659-1711, Astrakhan) is not mentioned. They thought that he was born in the village Sisian.
In the cited sources we see, that the birthplace of Israel Ori is being given different names. But why they called him an Indian? In case to find the answer of this question, we studied many items, where the Indian name is mentioned, and also other information connected with the name.
First of all let’s speak about foreign sources.
Bartolomé de Las Kasase a Spain historian (1474-1566) (History of Indies) (Bartolome de Las Casas’ History Indium “) wrote in the book: “In Middle ages in Europe under the name of “Indies” they understood, regions of South and South East Asia, which were spacious and less familiar to Europeans, also Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, Ceylon, Indonesian archipelago and southern China but not India itself (peninsula Hndostane).
When the differences between this region and Transatlantic newly discovered lands became clear, the New World countries started to call “Western Indies” unlike the genuine India. The residual of the name preserved till now with the term “West India”, which they call vast archipelago, situated between North and South America.
It was because of the delusions of medieval rulers, that the natives of America called American Indians since the time of Columbus, and the original Indian people called Indians.
This is the opinion of famous historian. But a question pops out, whether it was the result of the delusions of medieval rulers, or there is another important and secret reason.
The thing is, that from the middle of the XVI century, there was a perception in historical-Geography, which is based on the idea, which says, that Columbus starting his way in 1492, already had certain information about existing lands situated to the west of the Atlantic, and which is not identical with Asia. The supporters of this concept abroad in XX century were, American A.Vinyon, Argentine Romulo Karbi, French M.Andren, in recent times also Balester Eskalase, and in Soviet Union I.Tsukernike engaged in this issue for many years.
From here we can conclude that Columbus used the map of the discoverers of Americas before him, on which this continent was mentioned with the name “West Indies”. In the book of (C Kulik “Black Phoenix”, p. 291) by C Kulik, depicted XVI century Western European map, this proves that Portuguese in that time had clear opinion about the geography of Africa. By the way, on mentioned pages also speak about a lake named “Hayk”, which situated in Ethiopia.
In the book (“Seafarers sunrise”) of Te Rangi Hiroa as the answer to the question, who are Polynesians and from where they came from? Said: “The majority of these tribes cherishing memory about distant motherland called it Hawaiki. Aurum country listed in one of the Amorian legend, where their ancestors lived, and which shows, that they lived in Halda Aurum, Mesopotamia.
In another legend it says, that the Polynesians lived in Irihiay, moving their ancestral land to far away India, one part of which in ancient times called “Vrihia.”
As we can see, the author thinks, that they moved their ancestral land far away India, with no idea of other “Indies”. And “Vrihia” is the “Virk”, above our country and to the North.
As for the name “Hawaiki”, there were villages Havri and Havarants in Western Armenia. There is Havariki (Aresh-Havariki), or Havariki dialect, Armenian dialect. The citizens of Yerevan, New Aresh district, use it.
John Kezi wrote in his (J. Kezi “Easter Island”) book: “People, who are now known as Polynesians, started their way from the coast of Tigris and Euphrates in very ancient times, crossed India, Indochina, Micronesia, the Marquesas Islands, Tahiti areas and reached Easter Island. The inhabitants of Easter Island called their land “The Port”. The inhabitants of Mesopotamia called their country the same way.
- Blavatsky did not differentiate India itself from other “Indies” wrote: “In old times, countries, which are now known by other names, were called India. There existed the Upper, Lower and West Indies, the last of this is now Persia. The countries which are now called Tibet, Mongolia, Great Tatary, were also regarded as India by different authors”.
He also wrote that the “Eden Park” is the name of the ancient country, which was found in the basin of Euphrates and its tributaries, beginning from Asia and Armenia to the sea Eritrea, and it was called Handan.
Speaking about the foundation of America, he said, that the name of Vespucci was not Amerigo, it was Alberiko, and the title “Province of America” which first appeared on a map published in Basel in 1522, was previously considered to be part of India.
So Blavatsky notes: “No region on the map (Except ancient Scythia), is not placed so vague, “as the region which is called India. Ethiopia’s location on the map is also uncertain”.
Well knowing the uncertainty of this issue, however, concludes: “India is the cradle of humanity.”
Of course we cannot spar him as we do not know about which India he speaks about. If he speaks about Eden India: “Which has nothing to do with India itself (peninsula Hindustani), then we totally agree with him.
He made a surprising quotation from “Mahabharata”: “During the kingdom of Vayvasata the son of Vivasvata, there had been a great global catastrophe, “The memory which passed into tradition, spread to all countries of the West and the East “Which was “colonized” by India since those times…”.
As far as we are aware, no country has been colonized by the original India during its history. Vice versa, it had been colonized by different countries. For example, c. 1 century Most of northern India came under the rule of the Kushanakan kingdom.
Now let’s speak about our compatriot, British historian Ruben Alchyn’s book “South Caucasus countries on Medieval Maps”, where we can find explanations about “Indies”.
Here are some comments from the book about the maps:
Ripoll Ashkharhatsuyts (geography)
“…There are mentioned several counties and regions on the Asian territory, such as Asia Minor, Hirkania, Lydian, Great India, Babylon, Chaldea, Parthian Persia, Arabia.”
Medieval Armenian map
“In the eastern border of rotund Khaytayk and Zaytuni are mentioned, and then comes the Indian World, eventually India. In the middle Ages the name “India” often used for the countries to the east of the Persia and the Middle East, so here “The Indian World” can mean the countries situated in West and North of India, whereas the inscription India, mentions the original India.
“In these regions, namely in the North, twenty days away from Jerusalem, Armenia is situated, which is Christian, where after the flood Noah’s Ark went down and till now is sitting on this firm mountain. Because of the surrounding desert and the savage beasts, a human being is unable to approach it, and it is famous that this country is spread to India.”
Lebanon Beartos or Beata
“… There is a lake in the South Africa above this lake is inscribed: “India.” In medieval period this name was given to farther, especially east countries, in this case probably Ethiopia. ”
- Hawkins the author of the book “Stonehenge Decoded” speaking about one of the British legends, where it was said that the Stonehenge was built by the Dravidians form India, expressing his opinion wrote: “…But even if that people had been in UK, then did not live any special memory about him. Traditions about them are few and vague. Indian is the last significant ancient civilization, which did not leave the greatest stone monuments after him.
Here we can see, “That Hawkins also had no idea about other “Indies”.
As it is known, the Stonehenge was built much later, than Zorats Karer, but Hawkins sees some similarities between them. These two monuments, as many other megalithic monuments, were built by Armenians, but the British people knowing about it are keeping silence. Otherwise, Hawkins himself, in 1970 wrote a letter to V.H. Hambardzumyan, the president of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, where he said: “The Stonehenge is not the only one and such astronomical structures we can meet in Armenia”.
Let’s try to continue J. Hawkins thought, if as he says, that the Indians did not build megalithic monuments, then the Stonehenge is the work of priest-scientists of another nation.
And to give the name of that nation, we have to reveal the dark pages of the world’s history, where the Armenians ancient history is sloughed.
Let’s end the information about “Indies” from foreign sources with a beautiful quotation from the book of V. Valentine’s “The twelve keys of wisdom”: “Swimming along the infinite sea trying to reach this or the other India’s shores, we are checking our compass, (=Ayment=Magnet=Love) with the help of the North Star.”
The above mentioned authors speak about “Indies”, but no one explain, from where it came from and what does the name India mean”.
Now let’s pass to the analysis of the name India.
There is no information about the origin of the name India, neither in Armenian, nor in foreign sources. Even in G. Jahoukyan’s book “Armenian and Indo-European languages”, it is not specified what’s that “Indo-European” and what the first root “Indo” means.
From the department of the dictionary “Armenian and ilireren», we informed that the word “and” which is Ilireren in Armenian it means “and”, “hund”, “andeay”.
There is an Indio-Armenian dialect (Julfa’s dialect). It was spoken in the city Julfa, it is now spoken in the Persian cities New Julfa and Shiraz. Dialect of Julfa, Armenia. It is in the dialect groups of Ararat or North-East. In explanatory dictionary of modern Armenian language Handastan (Hund-undastan) means: “Fields, meadows, lands”, after which this quotation is made: “Will watch Sasma Fields and meadows”, where the fields and the meadows are the land of Sassoun.
We assume that the name India formed from Armenian word root “hund/hoond” and the limb “stan”, which means “Land”, “home”. Thus the words “hund and Hoond” are interrelated.
For being sure about that, we will bring a quotation from the book Fulkanelii “Secrets of the Gothic cathedrals and the esoteric interpretation of the hermetic character of the Great Work”. “The material (matter) is a spirit in its essence and it is invisible for us, because of our imperfect senses. That spirit is called hoond, seed (semence), from which a whole animal nature was born”. As the “hund”, (material) consists of “hoond”, then the two words have the meaning “spirit”.
According to the ancient Greek philosopher Anaxagoras the material world is composed of seeds, which differ from each other in size. But even the biggest seed is invisible for eye. He considers “In seeds there is no smallest, but there is always a smaller one.
Thus as the word India “which consists of roots “hund”= “hoond”= “seed”= “spirit” and the limb “stan”, it literary means the Earth of Seed, or the Earth of Spirit, and as the Earth gets “spirit” from the Sun, it will also mean the Earth of Sun.
Doshun dash also has the same meaning (the old name of the observatory of Zorats Karer), which means Dove field (spirit field). Proceeding from the fact that the central oval area of Zorats Karer is the Earth symbol, and the “field” is the same “hund”, it will also mean the Earth of Spirit.
The name India corresponds to Eden which in Assyrian inscriptions is called Hindani or Handania (as E. Blavatskaya wrote), which is the same Armenian Handastan.
In the article of H. Martirosyan’s “The Bible” (International Conference, in Oshakan 1999) it is said: “The mountain ranges Byurakn (Sermants) –Npat, are the cradle of humanity, the world’s top two primordial sacred mountains, which is the top of the Earth, Pillar of Heaven and the source of Terrestrial waters (Four rivers of paradise). The mount name Sermants is the Armenian original plural form of transitive verbs of the root “seed”= “tribe”, birth, generation, literary it means «Mountain of Seeds”, “Seed-eruptive mountain.”
Mount Sermants and India have the same meaning: “Spirit Mountain”, “Spirit Earth”.
Armenian word “seed” has the same meaning, as Sumerian «kus» (Cush / Kush) word reading options «su»= “tribe, family, generation” which allows to state once again, that the name India with its roots “hund”= “hoon”= “seed” and the limb “stan” originated from Armenian.
Our ancestors called India not only Armenia the cradle of humanity, but also the whole residential world, for example Greeks in ancient times called the residential world “Oykumena.” During the time of detection and accommodation of new lands, they took and spread the names, culture, and knowledge, of Armenian Highland, traces of which are still preserved in myths, literature, culture and languages of different peoples.
For example the official ancestors of Inca was considered to be Inti (the Sun) and his wife Mother Killa (the Moon), but the main God had been Vircocha, Creator of the universe.
In the legends of Central American tribes Vircocha has white skin and long beard.
Another legend says: “As night time should not be wasted, Inca Pachakutek stopped the chariot of the Sun and tied the greatest luminary to Intiutan Mountain, with the help of which he managed to make days permanent.”
From these two legends we can clearly see, “that Intiutun is the home of Sun”, (the home of Spirit).
Let’s study some saved names from “The names dictionary of Armenia and the neighboring regions”.
-Village Indie in Western Armenia, Erzurum Province,
-Village Indoran in Western Armenia, Hayots Dzor canton of Van province,
– Indua road station in Greater Armenia,
-Village Indus in Georgia, Aspindza region
– Ancient region Hindani mentioned in Assyrian cuneiform inscriptions. Distributed in the western side of Lake Van,
– Hinte, village Hinde indicated on Lynch maps,
– Hndkdzor, Hnddzor village of Bitlis province,
-India, Hndstan village in Western Armenia, Van Province of the canton Hayots Dzor.
We can also add Hindu to this list, which had been the old name of Caucuses (E. Blavatsky: “Isis Unveiled”).
On the geo agency maps of Alexander the Great, Greeks called mountains Parapanis, Indian Caucasus.
On the Indian and Chinese maps these mountains are referred as Hindu mountains.
In the Ashkharatsuyts (Geography) of Ebatorf it is said, the Caucasian mountains start from the east, China Sea, and arc stretching to the north-west, reach almost to Europe.
Bagrat Ulubabyan writes in his new book “The new translation of the Armenian history of Movses Khorenatsi”: “Armenian old authors, according to Emin Baktrian or Kushanats country called Tetalia, Indian Arsacid dynasty’s country. In that case, why Arshak the Great gave that country to Vaxarshak?”
In Encyclopedia B. Ulubabyan referring to the above topic, writes: “But V century’s further Armenian sources, the narratives of Movese Khorenaci, Ghazar Parpetsi, Sebeos and others” were peaking about Kushans and their kingdom, as an existing thing in their times. Its right, Kushans often identified as Huns, even with Hephthalites by Armenian writers, but this fact can only mean, that Armenian writers considered Huns andKushans as relatives.”
Saying Indian Arsacid Dynasty, the old authors they meant Armenian Arsacid dynasty of Greater Armenia (66-428), not Arsacid Parthians branch, and the land of Indian Arsacid dynasty is the Armenian land, Kushanats country or India, under the name of which united all names above.
The Indians, who new Kushans well called them “Sake”, other authors “Tokhars” and “Huns”.
In this case, the interesting thing is that to foreign authors the names “Kushans”, “Sake” and “Tokhars” are interpreted as the names of different races.
But in Armenian these all three names have one meaning “Cush/Ghush”= “Sak/Sag (goose)”= “Tokh / dokh”= “Bird”, where “Ghush” and “Dokh” in some Armenian dialects mean Dove.
We consider Kushans, Sakes and Tokhars are from the same tribe, they are our own species and the SunChildren of the God Angegh.
In modern Armenian explanatory dictionary (V. 4), Kushans represent a Tartar tribe, which in the 5th century lived in north of Persia, and after the explanation of the word “Kushan” this quotation was made: “The Armenian Ayrudzy was used to Kushans war”.
After such absurd explanation (not author is mentioned), we decided to address the topic Kushanats Kingdom, which is closely associated with “India”.
Indeed Kushans were our brothers, but “Armenian Christian brothers” led by their “Illuminator” destroyed our historical past so, that even the authors of that times didn’t know for sure, who were the Kushans and why they called so?
Now, at the beginning of 21st century we have to find information about our glorious past from foreign sources.
- Staviski in his book “India in ancient times” writes: “One of the periods in the history of our events in ancient history, they were times of powerful empires. Rome in Mediterranean, Parthian Persia in the Middle East, Khan in China and Kushanants Empire, nowadays in the territories of Central Asia, Afghanistan and Northern India.
For the first time in human history, these four empires were connected to each other with political and cultural ties. However, one of these empires, Kushants Empire particularly its northern regions, Baktrian, Khorezm and Soghd very lightly explored. In the Soviet Literature this problem was dealt very carefully, and was generally ignored by the authors of other countries.
For example Wheeler in his book “Rome for the imperial borders”, allocated nothing to Central Asia (you know, that one-third of the book is devoted to Asia). The author carefully studied relationships between Rome, India, Persia and Afghanistan, but reaching to Central Asia, hurried to pass to the Far East. ”
Soviet archaeologist V. Sarianidy made excavations in Afghanistan with his expedition. Excavations have shown that in the Bronze Age the most popular idol was a winged goddess, which is depicted on many items and seals.
First archaeologist thought that it was Greek Aphrodite, but then refused that idea, because nowhere in Greco-Roman art has Aphrodite been depicted with wings, but in Bactrian samples, she has wide open wings. Sarianidi in his book “Bactria through the mist of ages” made a quotation from Herodotus ‘History’, where it’s written: “In Balkh they worshiped the sun, the moon, the earth, the fire and the water. There is evidence, that the famous temple of Anahid (Anahita) with the goddess’s statue was found in Balkh. This Memnone Artaxerxes (404-358 BC) dedicated to the temple”.
Let’s add, that in “History”, Herodotus also mentions the existence of two Ethiopias, African and Asian.
Here it’s clear, that the Asian Ethiopia is the Kushants Empire and the African is Cush, which had been the old name of Ethiopia.
The ancient name of Bactria was Bacti, which in Greek was suggested as Baktr, and since the middle Ages called Balkh.
There was also a village Balkh in Western Armenia, a village Balkha in the district Akhalkalak of Tiflis province, now, Balkho, in Akhalkalak region of Georgia.
- Ulubabyan writes: “Still in 5th century Kushan’s kings were sitting Ghandagh and Penjap, but at that time the owner of Northern provinces of old Kushanstan was Sasanian Empire. The capacity of which, was surely due to the slump of Kushans kingdom.
In the rapidly developing cities of the kingdom Kushans citadels and powerful defensive walls were built (Tarmaz, Balkh, Sisuki etc.)…. ”
Sinologist L.Borovkova writes in preface of her book (Kingdom of western edge): “BC III d. until the end of the I century AD had been a great historical time for Central Asia. It was formation and flourishing time, for the powerful kingdom of nomads, Syuni(k), which stretched from the east of Mongolia to central Asia, and then (206 BC- AD 25) was the period of its destruction and collapse during the fight with Khan Chinese Empire. ”
The author expressing her thoughts writes: “The people of this region with the standards of that time, which has over 700 year history, it seems that exactly so easy and relaxed, leaving no trace, came down from the stage of history since middle V century AD. This fall event remains a puzzle for the history, which is waiting for its researcher.”
Sima Tsyun Chinese court historian in his work “History of Syuni’s people” expounded the history of the people “Syuni”, beginning from I-II BC, from which we will make a quotation: “It’s already a hundred years, that State Syuni exists, which united conquered people in the north and north-east of Khan. At that time Khan ruling people’s name Syuni became synonymous with ancient Chinese general name “khustsi” of northern peoples.” The historian himself sometimes instead of “Khustsi” writes “Syuni”, and the name “Khustsi” in Chinese means northern people.
Reading Syuni’s name you mentally moves to Syunik country, remember the Armenian Syunis princes and in the word “Syunn” try to find the Armenian root “syun (pillar)”. And when you learn, that in Nowadays China there is a city named Tsitsikar, and finds its parallel in Syunik, called “Peg stones”, as local people another version called Zorats Karer monument.
When we read the book “Armenian mythology” of S. Harutyunyan: “Mamik and Konak rebel against their master and patron Chenats king …” here we involuntarily recall Mamikonians. This history riddle, where the names of Armenia and China are combined also needs to be studied.
Kushanats kingdom in Chinese sources called Ushi Kingdom. Pops out a question, who is Kushans, from where, what does the word Cush / Kush /Gush mean and in what language it can be explained? We will try to find the answer of this question.
From H. Martirosyan’s book “Pages of ancient history,” we learn, that one of the reading options of the Sumerian «KuŠ» cuneiform script, the word “Su11″ means “tribe, family, generation”. The basic readings of the cuneiform script «KuŠ», are KuŠki= Kush, Chush country or Suki= country Su. According to the Samaria Akkad time geography the country which was spread to the north of Mesopotamia was called Su-birki4. The name Sper is in line with Sumerian name Su-bitki ici of Shubartu country.
The author connects the river name Jorokh-yehon with the country Sper=Su-birki4, and thinks that Su-birki4 = Suki = KuŠki.
Let’s pass from the Sumerian word Cush / Kush to Armenian word “Ghush” (dialectic), which means bird in the explanatory dictionary of modern Armenian language. In different dialects the word “Ghush” can be sound like ghush / ghosh / khosh / Kush / gush/ cush, and also as a kind of bird, may mean dove, vulture, eagle and others.
Let’s bring some examples.
– Doshun dash (one of the names of Zorats Karer monument).
– Gush (now Tasik) village in Sisian region.
– Horomos Monastery, Ghoshavank his “Ghoshek” domed twin towers.
– “Kushchi” (up to 1936) in Armavir.
– Gush named village in Georgia populated by Armenians.
– Khoshap, Armenian vulture castle in the basin of lake Van.
AS the world “Cush” has a connection with Sper province of Great Armenia, then let’s find out what means the word sper. In the explanatory dictionary of modern Armenian there is not the word “Sper”, but there is a “gray-hoary”, which means white-haired, “clean (sip) -white” means completely white, very white.
In our opinion the name Sper derived from the word “Sip”. Sip is the vulture, one sort of 4 vultures, hat one can meet in Armenia. Griffon sip, (gups fulvus), which is a predatory bird belonging to the family of Buteoninae.
The word Sper is plural form of the word sip where “sper” has the same meaning, the same with Ghoshavank “Ghoshek”, that is, the “pair” meaning “pair vultures-Sper”.
So in Sumerian Su-bin4 ki=Suki= KuŠki= Shubartu= Sper country= Cush country. As the country Sper (Angeghatun) is identical with Cush, with (Aghavnatun), which is the same country Cush, than it is clear that Cushans had been our relatives.
Names Sper country=Cush country=Spirit country=Sun country=India are identical.
Note that Fulcanelli (Fulcanelli, Gothic cathedrals) referring to the language of “Argo”, writes: “…the word slang means any language group (Specific words and phrases), or jargon. That jargon argo, remains the minority language, which is not exposed to the grammatical rules of any language, to human relations and decorum. Those who speak this language are called communicators (Devotees, Russ.), or Sons of the Sun “.
“Argo”, is a kind of bird language, it’s the language of philosophers and communicators. With the help of “Argo”, Jesus reported his knowledge to apostles. This language contains secrets and reveals the deepest truths.
In ancient times, Incas called it language of the court, because it was the language of the priests, with the help of which transmitted dual knowledge, which was the key to the sacredness and distort.
During the Middle Ages “argo” was called a living knowledge, Divine language, Cathedral Oracle (Prophet).
History convinces us, that people spoke this language till the construction of Babel tower, after which many of them just forgot this language.”
In Armenian explanatory dictionary the word bird-style script means. 1. Jewelry script that looks like a bird. 2. Written such letters. Bird-style script log. 3. Bird cipher, pigeon. So Zenob Glake spoke with Bird-language (books).
Zenob Glake had been IV- century historian, who in his work, described stubborn battles between Taron’s priest statue and his son Demeter against Gregory the Illuminator (In fact, quite opposite), and the forces supporting him.
Thus we can conclude that “bird language” was still in use in IV century AD and after the establishment of Christianity it was gradually forgotten. According to many esoteric sources, the bird is the universal symbol of the Sun and the Sky. And for us, for Armenians, that seems people born of sun, bird concept played a major role in our spiritual life.
First of all, let’s note that after the name of God Vulture-Sun the province Angegh-Toon (house) and the Ministry in Great Armenia was called. There were some provinces named Angegh in Syunik province (Angkhi, Angeghakot, Angeghadzor), shore of Lake Van. Angegh-Toon (house) was one of the sacred places, of pagan Armenians, Tork titan main temple area, from where the name “Tork Angegh”.
The vulture head found in Syunik pictograms, the eagle head stone in Zorats Karer observatory, the stone monument with vulture head and other symbols in Potbelly Hill, man-bird figurines, Masis mountain eagle built by nature, these all are evidence of the bird’s unique role.
The word hen in Armenian, except its main meaning, means ancestor, forerunner. Eruandhuni was also called Hen valley.
The word Havahma means hen connoisseur, who making predictions, with the help of bird flights or sounds. Havtruk (cannot even describe because any case u can understand grab smb.) means falcons, doves fly during parties and at various competitions.
It’s interesting; Peru Indians from the Department of Cusco, for not forgetting the traditions of their ancestors, every year in August hold Vulture (Condor) festival, where the central character is vulture the king of the Andes.
- Martirosyan interpreting the meaning of the word sumeru= Sumerian, came to the conclusion, that Sumerian language means the language of the nobility, which is the same “argo” or bird-language.
In the first part of Indian poem “Ramayana” there is a conversation about how the poem was created: “Once Kraunch sees wise Valmik in the forest, heron couple jumping happily. Suddenly a hunter dart release and kills the male, she begins to weep bitterly for her husband’s death. At that time Valmik curses the hunter and the curse comes out of her lips like a couplet poem form and the accidental invention of the poem makes God Brahma to give an order to create a poem about Rama’s heroic deeds. ”
“Ramayana” reports, that the first performers of the poem had been the sons of Rama, Kush and Lava princes. We think that here the comments are unnecessary, Kraunch (Karahunj, Qarunge), Kush (ghush) and Lav (well), Armenian words do not appear accidental in Indian poem, and instead it’s evidence that Indians used any Armenian source, which they consider a part of them. Later the poem was processed, but the Armenian mark remained.
Blavatsky writes: “Sanskrit had not been the language of Atlantis and a number of philosophical terms, which is used in the system of Indian history, do not appear in the original texts only their equivalents meet.”
So in “Ramayan” the Indians having no equivalents of Armenian words above, those words left as they were in the original poem. Another quotation from H. Martirosyan’s book “Armenian symbols path from Paleolithic to the Middle Ages (Maca dot)”
“The sparkling (Pghpghun) head is stone.
It was standing in the Indian world… .
The author comments this scrap so. “It is likely that the first line is crank based on the same keyword “pghpgh” (paypal stone) and “pghpghu” (bird). In any case, it is clear, that the Pghpghun bird has a connection with a stone, which most likely will be pghpghkar (pghpgh stone). According to Egyptian ideas, Bnw bird (Bnw=bnbnw=bnbn=Armavahav=Phoenix), is coming to Egypt from the East.” In the description above the Pghpghu bird is coming from Armenia to the east (Indian world).
Here the Indian world is exotic for the author, which does not coincide with our view.
Reading the first line, “Pghpghun head is stone” we want the reader to move Zorats Karer observatory in Syunik where in 1994 at the day of autumn equinox, during the measurements of professor Paris Heruni, the sun exactly at midday appeared on top of the stone N-63, (Which by the way is like a ram, but has no head), “Got head” at that time.
As we know, the sun is raised Zodiac’s first home, ram’s home. We believe that, this” pghpghun” (sparkling) stone is N-63 stone of Zorats Karer monument, and the Sun’s son stone. In the second chapter is written, that stone “It was standing in the Indian world”.
Maybe here we can say that we are talking about Syunik (Particularly the monument Zorats Karer) because the note is written here as meaning the saved stones. The second stone, which which refers to “pghpghu bird», is the stone N-63 with eagle’s head. As you know, the eagle, the vulture is one of the symbols of the sun, and as the Egyptian “bnbn” word means “to radiate, shine”, then the stones N-63 and N-66 correspond to the lines stone and the bird.
In the archaeological site of Angeghakot, over the Cross stones area, there is a high stone pillar with cone-shaped head, which is very similar to the «BnBn» column, the latter stands in the center of God Sun’s temple in Heliopolis, Egyptian city.
The name Angeghakot consists of roots “vulture” and “shank (kot)”, where the word “shank / Ivory (kot)” in Armenian means head, skull, so literally Angeghakot means Vulture head (Sun’s head), which fully complies with “pghpghun” stone and the bird.
In some traditions eagle symbolized the north, which was perceived as the apex of the world.
To confirm our hypothesis, that the “Indian world”, had been a name of Armenian land, we bring another argument that is connected to the birthplace of Israel Ori, who was one of the leaders of Armenian liberation movement.
At the beginning of the articles some fact are presented about Israel Ori’s biography, but the name of his birthplace are nowhere mentioned. We only know that he was called “Indian” Israel Ori.
Even M. Arazi, the author of the book “Israel Ori”, did not mention the name of his birthplace, because apparently, the author himself puzzled about Israel Ori’s actually being an Indian. According to M. Araz’s description, his village had not been so far away from Angeghakot. As we learned, Ori also was considered to be from Angeghakot, Sisian which confirms that he was from Syunik. All these allow thinking that the India is not the name of his village, but, apparently the name of Syunik, which was once called India.
Otherwise why they would have said, that Israel Ori was from India, if he was born and 20 years lived in Syunik, after which 20 years lived in Europe, and only 40 years old he came back to his fatherland, who till that time and even then during his activities had nothing to do with India (peninsula Indostani). So he was really from India, Syunik, (Armenia).
If, according to E. Blavatsky, “Lands from Euphrates to Tibet were called India” and in R. Galchian book, in the commentary of Matthew Paris map it’s said. “”Armenia is spread till India”, then there is no doubt, that in ancient times Syunik was called India.
We often meet the names India, Hndstan, Indian country, Hndu city in Armenian mythology.
We will bring quotations from Sargis Harutyunyan’s book “Armenian mythology” which contains extensive and meaty material. However, our researches discover various interpretations of the name India. As to the old authors, the name India and everything connected with its name puzzles the author of this book.
We brought convincing evidence that the name India used for naming various countries in accordance not only from our ancient myths, but many other sources. Our aim is to bring quotations from this book, sometimes commenting some land names in Armenia, express our opinion, which adds to thoughts of the distinguished author.
At the second part of the book, the ancient legend about Armenian Taurus and Zagrosh Mountains ends so. “Since that day Zagrosh pulling itself went aside. A part of its body reaches Ararat and the head to Shiraz and India.”
Under the slogan “Demetr and Gisane” we read. “According to the above mentioned medieval epic tradition, Armenian king Valarsace gives “Land Tarawn with authority” to Demetr and Gisane brothers, who run away from India and sheltered in Armenia, and it is said. “It was really surprising to see them, because they were dark with long hair and disgusting, they were from India.”
On this accession the author writes. “It is quite surprising only one name of brothers Demeter, which is not associated with Indians, it is typical to Greek the name of the other brother Gisane has its real shape and meaning in Armenian “long hair”. The examined conversation according to this content has a historical tradition level, which is certified by the establishment of the cult associated with dragon in Tarawn, posthumous deification of the founders, worship and the exotic, Indian identity of the cult.”
Next quote: “Mamik and Konak rebel against Chenats King their spencer and lord, Mamgun argued with Chenats King, and Demetr and Gisane, with Indian king, their lord.”
According to Movses Khorenatsi, Mamikonyans ancestors, traditional Mamik and Konak, 1st half of the III century migrated to Armenia from Chenats world. Latter was the part of Kushants Kingdom, which was situated between Central Asia and India, Toxaristan and Cashmere.
Speaking about Chenats kingdom and its geographical position, Movses Khorenatsi had no idea about Kingdom “Syuni” which had been ruling China for 100 years.
We have already referred to this topic, but it remains one of the mysteries of history.
“From here to Van, from Van to India”: reading this quotation in “Armenian mythology” natural question arises for all of us: from here to Van, then up to India, maybe they are in very close distances. After all, today’s best known India is not near Van, cited “here” appropriate. We believe that Van had been close with Hndestan village of Eruandhuni in Western Armenia.
Let’s finish the quotations with riddle from S. Harutyunyan’s “Armenian mythology” book, with which we started our article.
“There is a tree in the Indian city,
The branches of which are creeping from city to city,
Forty lamps are on each branch,
A peacock only on one branch.”
The author explains this riddle. “In this riddle the tree is not an ordinary one, it is unique and exotic, it is situated in Hndu city (India).”
Sinamahavk (peacock, literally, the Chinese bird) on one of the branches is very exotic. Then the tree spread its branches all over the world (The branches of which are creeping from city to city), so infinite and known around the world. Besides that one branch, on which the peacock is sitting, on all other forty branches a lamp is burning. This shows the symbolic nature of the enigmatic tree, which represents (especially with its ending), heaven and the heavenly lights (The Sun or the moon, and the stars). In any case, that tree rises from Land (Indian country) and as the sky, spreading its branches over the whole world, Heaven and heavenly light. It means, that the riddle tree is cosmic, that connects the two zones of the world, heaven and earth, and Hndu exotic city considers as the center of the world.
As we can see, here also the author imagines the paradise city not in Armenia, but in exotic India.
Having idea about geographical locations of different “Indies” let’s again move to the observatory Zorats Karer, where we will find the answer of this riddle.
If we accept oval central area of Zorats Karer as a world center then the 40 lamps are 40 stones of Observatory, with which the central circle consists of. We concluded that the 40 stones also show the geographic breadth of Zorats Karer.
P.Heruni in his book “Armenians and ancient Armenia” speaking of the great pyramids of Egypt, writes: “…from the queen’s room the slot inclination angle on Sirius is 39.5, which coincides to the width of Zorats Karer observatory, 39.5. We found that the star Sirius rises before sunrise once a year during the summer solstice, it means that according Sirius a year has 365 days, as well as the solar year. Armenian astronomers found out, that extra quarter day, which is accumulating in the “movable” calendar during a year (365.25), as a result it gives a whole year, once over every 1461 years (0.25 x 1461 = 365.25). That 1462 year period (or 1460, in the case of “fixed” calendar), was called “Armenian Circle” (Or “Armenian Cycle”). “Sirius cycle” or so-called “Sotis” also had the same duration. However, there also had been a “Minosyan cycle”, about which we learned from Alan Batler’s book (Alan Butler “Bronze Age Computer”), where he writes: “The greatest riddle during my researches (Festival disc decoding) is, why minostsis took the number 40 as a basis (no other number) in their account system. Apparently, the number 40 had great importance for them. Minostsis gave the figures magical significance, especially the number “4”. This number and its multiple dimensions had been year and months dividing. Every “minosyan cycle” consisted of 40 years, 366 days during a year and the”Great minosyan cycle” consists of 12 little cycles like this, during which some astronomical mysteries cycles were end. Minostsis knew well, that the relative angular positions of the Sun, Mercury (Mercury-) and Venus (Arousyak) are repeating once over 40 years.
It is very likely, that Miostsis knew not only the tropic, but also the sidereal years. Natural Disaster (1450 BC) ended the minosyan civilization, after which the mikenians prevailed island.
Known inconsistencies, that exist in modern calculations model of space, time, and distance, was due to the ancient Greeks, that took several aspects (ideas) from minosyan concepts, but as a base for their geometry they put the Egyptian model, according to which the Earth’s circle, was divided into 360 days, but not 366. And this means, that space, time and geometry brock down mutual connection, which was used to be.
Minostsi probably had a developed oral system for information transmission. A significant part of modern science is based on the knowledge of the ancient Greeks. But we hasten to consider all the discoveries made in ancient times, as the efforts of the Greek scientist, when in reality they were only re-discovered, the things which were long ago discovered, even until the emergence of Greek civilization. Of course, if the 366 days year, underlying calendar, which should correlate with the solar 365 days year, then the number 40 should have a special role, because after 40 years, 365 days year should differ from the solar year only with one minosyan months, that is, 30.5 days or 30.5, as their geometric model was based on the 366 circle division, “not on 360”.
From here we conclude, that the width of Zorats Karer observatory had been counted on the “Minosyan cycle of 40 years.” Therefore the real width will be (39.5 +0.5 = 40); which corresponds to the number of stones, by which the central cynical was made of.
What other secret knew our ancestors about the nature that the monument was built in the latitude 40.
We believe that they also knew about the exact balance between the solar energy input and output occurs only in two Parallels, in 40 degree northern and southern latitudes. All other latitudes the radiation balance is unequal.
As the Zroats Karer observatory is the oldest in the world, it’s clear, that the so-called “Minosyan calendar” is taken from Armenia to the Crete island, but in Armenia it apparently had a different name.
Suren Ayvazyan in his book “History of Ancient Culture of Armenia” speaking about Aragats Sundial (BC IV-III thousand), writes: “With the help of sundial, the four parties of the Earth and the meridian were determined”. Therefore, the four semi-circles of the Earth, which express the meaning by the four sides, is the only proof.
During the absence of the magnet pointer sundial, together with the so-called Indian circle, replaced the compass. This important news about “Indian circle” once again confirms our assumption that in ancient times Armenia (Particularly Syunik), was called India, and the 40 stones of the monument, symbolize not only the width of the Observatory, but also “forty years circle” which was apparently called “Indian Circle”. Later, after the natural disaster in Crete, Greeks called it “Minosyan Circle”, after the name King Minos in Knosos.
- Heruni supposes that N63 stone of the observatory Zorats Karer in ancient times used as well as a calendar and solar watch. He writes: “In the equinox on 21 of September in 1997, we had set up a piece of mirror and fixed it with clay in the hole of N63 stone. The sunlight reflected from that mirror, was crossing trough the screen 4 cm. in per minute, which was situated 10 m distance”. From here appeared the “holy” number four (4).
We think that the 366 circle served as a kind of matrix for Zorats Karer.
We often meet the number 40 in astronomy, geometry and mythology. For example, the length of the Earth’s circle by minosyan estimates totaled 40002 km, but according to latest data, 40010 km.
According to the current estimates the diameter of the planet Jupiter (Jupiter) is equal to 40 km.
The Sun Pyramid in Peru is situated on 40 meters above the environment.
Assyrians called the country Nairi, a land of 40 rivers.
We can meet number 40 in the epic “Daredevils of Sassoun”
“Cut the horse, cut forty Buff leather.”
“Mher reigned 40 years.”
“Forty teacher, forty elder, Forty deacon. ”
“I will go now and I will destroy Sasun and will bring women forty-forty.”
“The daughter of the king in Copper city, with the help of forty blond girls sends a letter to Sanasar.”
Here “The forty blond hair girls” takes us to the observatory Zorats Karer, where expect the forty central stones maintained the base of the destroyed temple, the dimensions are also composed sacred numbers (5 × 7) m/2, and we thinkthat it is was dedicated to the goddess Astghik and is associated with the number 40. The period of pregnancy lasts 40 weeks, after which occurs the childbirth, then the “forty”, which means:
- 40 days after childbirth, during which the woman should keep some caution.
- After baby’s 40 days, when first time mom leave the house.
- Fortieth day after the death of the deceased go to visit his grave.
As S. Harutyunyan notes in his “Armenian Mythology” book. “In the Armenian riddles trees were depicted not only by the heavens and the lights, not only the year of its units, but man, with his body parts. Moreover, sometimes pillar replace the trees.
In Zorats Karer the tree is the central oval round with its 40 stones (branches), which symbolize not only the width of the Observatory, but also “Indian Cycle” (“40 years old cycle”), with its 366 days.
And the pillar which replaces the tree is situated in the ancient village Angeghakot not so far from the observatory, which we touched upon when we were speaking about the stone “pghpghun”.
N66 stone with eagle’s head is symbolizing the peacock on the one branch in the fairy tale.
According to H. Martirosyan (“Pages of ancient history”) the peacock is Askana-Edem SIMMAN bird. He considers that the name «SimHU» = sishaw (peacock), in Armenian folklore its known as the form Simahavk or Sinamahavk (peacock), and this is the bird, that bring her fairytale hero from dark world to the bright one, and that’s why its comparable with the eagle of Sumerian Etana.”
Angeghakot with its “Syunu tree” fits Hndu city.
Near Zorats Karer monument the sanctuary of so called Portakar is situated, which complies with the constellation of Cygnus (Vulture) and the double star, that has a connection with the stomach (port) of the vulture.
The name Portakar means, a large stone which is situated in the middle of brick or stone arch, which connects and tight keeps the arch.
The word port also means a belly, birth, generation, in the middle of anything.
We above mentioned, that the central oval circle of Zorats Karer is the sybol of the Earth, and as the word port means a middle of anything, then the circle’s center will be called “the Earth’s port”.
Let’s bring some information about the concept “the Earth’s port” from the dictionary of (“Symbol dictionary”) by Juan Kirloy.
“The Earth’s port” (Omfal) means the Earth’s mystical (mystical) and the sacred center. The ancient Greeks called Delpike “the Earth’s port”. According to Christian tradition, Jerusalem is “the Earth’s port”.
The monument is the material vision of the Earth’s port, crowned pilasters. It is believed that except fallusayin the menhirs also had such sense.
On the thumbnail “the Earth’s port” was presented with a form of an oval stone.”
Plato and the ancient philosophers thought, that human’s soul was housed in their ports, but in the modern bright theoretical mysteries port is seen as a “sun circle” inner divine light.
Zarats Karer monument’s N 63 stone’s (which resembles a ram) receiving “head”, also very mysterious phenomenon. This stone looks like not only a ram, but also double top Mountain Masis.
In the stars theological knowledge diagram of “Western Rite”, the Ark corresponds to port and fit the left side, next to the woman (Moon), one symbol of which is the left column of Solomon- Boaz temple. Umbilical cord is connected (via the placenta) with jar (container) where the race seeds are impregnated.
Zorats Karer is a symbolic Ark, where Armenians seeds were fertilized and from where originated Noah’s generation.
The evidence of which is the age of Zorats Karer monument (7500), the name (Doshun dash- Spirit field), 40 sacred stones, from which the central cycle are made, the monument’s location, on the north latitude 40, “40 years old cycle” (“Indian cycle”), the stones Vulture and ram, which are the symbols of the God Sun-Vulture, Angeghakot’s “Pillar-tree”, the destroyed temple, the bases of which was made of holy figures (5×7 m/2), and finally Portakar, which name is an evidence that Zorats Karer monument is “the Earth’s port”, and the mystical and sacred center of humanity.
Armenian history and language is one of the dark pages of world history.
Now, in the era of genetics, the world’s history is being reviewed including the separation timetable of Indo-European languages.
According to recent publications of «Nature» -2012 magazine, the oldest (not dead) Indo-European language is Armenian, which split from Indio-European languages nearly 5,200 years ago, and Indo- Iranian languages arose after Armenian.
This is another argument that the name India originated from Armenian, and “Indo-European languages” would be better to replace with the term “Arm-European languages”.
So taking into account the fact, that according to Hr. Acharyan, the Old Armenian and Sanskrit had about 3000 common root (root, root not words), it comes to confirm the proposed hypothesis, that is to look the origin of the root “Indio” in the Armenians roots, in Armenia.
From the dark folds of the History, without censorship.
The origin of the word mercury in Armenian is unknown. It is believed that it came from the word exhale, where the individual unused root tsund, means scattered, and dabbling dispersed.
In H. Atcharian’s “Radical Armenian dictionary” it’s written. Quicksilver “zhipak”, “Jiva”, written also sntik. Klaproth, Asia pol, page 104, with the word zanda “animal”. In Sanskrit skanda “quicksilver”, with its synonym skand from the root “jump, come out”. The base is from the word quicksilver.
Let’s pay attention that in Turkish and Sanskrit the word quicksilver is used as a synonym.
Amirdovlat of Amasia in the work “Ignorants anpet”, under the Arabic word “zepah” lists about 30 username of mercury, which in most cases are repeated in Karo Ghafadaryan’s “Alchemy in historical Armenia” book. Let’s mention some of that usernames “Living water”, “Virgin’s milk”, “good-natured”, “bird”, “Alhaya”, “Alma”, “Chuhar” (“Jewel”).
Without consideration, from whom the Arabs were made loans or from what sources they used, Karo Ghafadaryan concludes: “Alchemy came to Armenia from Arabia and widely spread over all Armenia”. As sometimes many of our scientists can notice, without facts, combinations and deep analysis, instead of their own preference, they give everything to the foreigners.
If there are alchemical manuscripts in Arabs yet, it does not mean that we earlier to Arabs had not any alchemical manuscripts. Of course we had, but they had been destroyed for well-known reasons. From Armenian Alchemical manuscripts preserved in other foreign countries skillfully utilized by foreign scientists, in some other cases presented as their own one.
From Armenian and other foreign manuscripts we have only the expressions like “Armenian stone”, “Armenian egg”, “Armenian salt”, as well as silent witnesses the ruins of Sulema fortress and Sulema inn situated in Vayots Dzor province of Syunik state in Greater Armenia, Gegharkunik province in Syunik connecting path with Vayots valley, with southern slop of Sulema (Selima) mountain.
Now a large number of alchemical manuscripts are in our Matenadaran which have not deciphered yet. Deciphered only some of those manuscripts. It is surprising and unfortunate that alchemical manuscripts are generally ignored. Maybe there is valuable information. We know that there are not few instances when discoveries are made with the help of old manuscripts, rock scripts and books.
For example, in Central Asia, Soghdum archaeologists discovered holer images on rocks, closures typical to Soghads and baskets placed on the shoulders, which appears to be filled with the ore. Guessing that there were mines in that area, later in Zeravshanyan Mountains they discovered sulfuric mercury mines. In mines lots of various instruments, headlights and people bones were found.
On the ruins of Achaemenid Empire palace, preserved evidence that Pentecost 1st millennium mercury ore was brought to Persia from Soghdits.
Another example, Spaniards took note that the Indian authorities are painted with red paint, and assumes that it has to do with Cinnabar. And, indeed, it appeared that before the conquest of Peru Incas over the area of Polka Mountain extracted Cinnabar.
First, let’s speak about mercury. Congenital mercury was known to mankind since ancient times. They get it from sulfuric mercury Cinnabar (HgS). The name Cinnabar is the distorted form of Cinnabar.
Cinnabar has 3 crystalline forms:
- Red- Cinnabar, from which they got a red paint that were mainly used in painting.
- Black meta-cinnabar
- Gray, leaden beta-cinnabar.
These 3 compounds have different crystalline networks, but they are the same in chemical components. The important salts of mercury are suleman and kalomel, which are strong disinfectants and are toxic. Are used in medicine, agriculture (in small doses), as well as other areas.
Mercury fulminate (Oxyhydrogen mercury) explosive substance.
If in ancient times only thanks to decades of hard work few of alchemists managed to get gold from mercury and from ordinary metals, then modern science was able to get artificial gold through nuclear conversion, mercury considered the most suitable metal for that.
Mercury is often referred to as the parent metal. There is liquid metal mercury. Gold, silver and other metals are settled into mercury forming amalgams, besides manganese, cobalt, nickel and iron. In ancient times mercury was called liquid silver. Mercury is considered to be the metal in Planet Mercury.
Since the school years we are familiar to efforts related to mercury made by Torricelli and of course with expression of “Torricellian chasm”. Emptiness is the air which is in the Barometer (barometer) above mercury column.
Let’s pay attention the words “pillar” and “empty”.
The ancient Greek philosopher Demokrite argued: “Nothing exists except atoms and empty space”. Some time later, Aristotle denies the existence of emptiness and announced that nature is afraid of emptiness. Renowned philosopher’s reputation and dominance prevailed in science for centuries.
In BC 6th century a Greek scholar Anaksimen considered that the basis of all materials is air, expressing the opinion that it is a something just like a spirit.
In Amirdovlat of Amasia one of mercury cryptographic called the bird. Bird in alchemy and esoteric literature is the symbol of the spirit
After the death of Torricelli, Pascal continued his work and also and the struggle against on the view ‘fear of emptiness” by Aristotle. Giving the Torricellian pipeline U- shaped look created the Barometer. With the help of mercury the scientist discovered not only the “emptiness” but also began creating “emptiness” or “vacuum”.
The above information about mercury gives us an opportunity to think, that the word mercury consists of roots pillar and Dick.
Mercury=pillar=dick, where the word dick in Armenian means
- Steep, vertical.
Just note that the earthly positions once called spirits.
For example, Noah was considered a dove whereas in Christianity the dove is a symbol of the Holy Spirit.
We have the second version of mercury’s origin.
We have the second occurrence of the word mercury that is mercury= Sin + Dick, where “Sin” means hollow, emptiness, the word “Dick” means steep, vertical, so mercury=sin and dick empty+ steep/vertical, where the dick or vertical is Barometer’s mercury column.
So the word mercury consists of Armenian roots pillar/sin and dick, where “U” and “I” slides.
The word mercury is a code, because of which in Armenian there is no information about its origin.
These are my versions as a chemist. I will be glad if our linguists suggest other options.
There is a touching story connected with the name mercury in B. Kuznetsov’s book “Dragon blood.”
A group of geologists in Altai region visit the famous painter in Alta Chorosov. In artist’s studio a picture captures their attention with its name “Mountain Spirits Lake”. The picture had such a fantastic and sinister look, that the painter was asked, whether it happened. As the answer of which the painter said, that the picture was an original one, painted near the lake, from where he could leave difficulty and after which he got illness.
The lake got its name not only for its indescribable beauty, but also for its bad reputation. Lake’s mystery took people there, but then some unknown forces destroyed that people. It has more beautiful look especially in summer warm days. Those days were dangerous one to come up to it. As soon as people saw crimson lights on the rocks and blue-green columns above the lake, immediately began to feel heaviness in their heads, sudden loss of power, morbidity. Being suffocated people could run away from that dismal place. Some of them die on their way; others barely reach the nearby Yurt. Those who stay alive lose their strength and courage forever.
During parting the expedition leader bought some canvas from the painter, among which there was not “The Lake”. Influenced by the attention Chorosov said, that could not part from that picture, but promised that would present it after his death, adding: “Do not be disappointed it will happen soon, You will be sent in the mail”.
And after four years a parcel arrives to the address of the expedition leader. It becomes clear that the great artist passed away.
At that time the geologist had been engaged in the study of mercury ore.
Under diffuse light, with the help of a microscope he examined the pure rock particles, which corresponded to clean cinnabar. Under the microscope eyepiece he saw blood-red ripples on blue background, which surprised him when he first saw those colors on the painter’s canvas. The sudden idea made him to examine the picture. It turned out that the colors match.
After a short time, the geologist with small group went to Alta and with great difficulty reaches the lake area, where they were faced with an incredible view: the lake had metallic glow, and the rocks surrounding the lake because of cinnabar abundance reflected red lights. The secret was revealed.
Mercury, despite its high specific weight (13.6 g / cm 3), evaporates very quickly and its vapors (higher density) and under the light its color is blue-green.
If taking into consideration mercury’s rapid ink feature, then the assumption that “mercury” is derived from “tsund” unused root can be considered half correct.
Here mercury=tsund=dick= volatile spirit and as mercury is the first one among souls, then volatile spirit= mercury’s spirit=spirit.
In Karo Ghafadaryan’s “Alchemy Historical Armenia” book it is said: “A material which has a spirit or simply spirit (can also be breath) are all the materials evaporate under the exposure to fire, (disappear). Mercury always being mentioned first, among breathes and spirits. Smelling salts considered being second soul, which is popular by two ways. Among spirits, sulfur is considered being the last one.
Amirdovlat of Amasia wrote that the result of long mercury distillation (6-7 times) it becomes like a white pearl.
A castle with a name Sulema, accommodation, mountain pass are in Syunik. Stephen Orbelian evidence that the castle Sulema founded during the reign of the Arshakouni Dynasty, by the hand of Vayots Dzor province king Sulema.
As the mercury salt (white color) is called sulema, then left to assume, that it had been prince’s nickname. Spitakavor is the name one of the educational centers of Syunik. Spitakavor monastery is in Yeghegnadzor region.
If the name mercury in Armenian language consists of the roots “syun/sin” and “dick”, then we think that Syuni, and Syunik names came from the root “syun”, (sin-syuni-syunik), where “syun” has different roots, Hg, natural stone pillar with which Syunik is rich, tree of Life-pillar (the village of Sisian Angeghakot), Kharahunge (Zorats Karer, Dick-Dick Karer) observatory menhirs and the miracle stone there, which get a head, Tatev’s rocking column and so on.
In Sergey Umaryan’s “Syunik pantheon” book discussed the origin of the names Syuni, Syunik and Sisakan.
Armenian and foreign scientist’s flowed listed names from where they could, pin even goths, Askeran and others.
About Syuni’s petty it is said “From kings they got awards and honors, for their services and achievements were authorized to get silver throne, wear pearly headband, a ring Boar picture painted on it and a golden scepter, wear red shoes”.
Silver furniture, golden wand, red shoes all these give as a space to think.
In alchemy red color is a distinctive code for adepts (followers). During ordination a red hat, the so-called “pryugakan skullcap” they put on the head of the adept and said: “Cover your head with this skullcap it is precious royal crown”. In the worship of Mihr that skullcap called Liberia and was regarded as the highest mark (Fulkanelli “Gothic cathedrals”).
Red color is the symbol of fire shows spirit’s superiority over material. In alchemy red rose is also the symbol of fire. Vardan Mamikonyan was called Vardan Red.
,,Lusantsk,, weekly, September 5-october 3, 2014
Translated by Mane Manukyan
from BRUSOV STATE UNIVERSITY of LANGUAGES and SOCIAL SCIENCES,